Tuskegee has been the site of major achievements by African Americans for more than 100 years. In 1881, Booker T. Washington founded the Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers here, which later became Tuskegee Institute and then Tuskegee University. One of the most famous teachers at Tuskegee was George Washington Carver, whose name is synonymous with innovative research into Southern farming and crops. Today, the university is a part of the National Parks System and remains a major center for education. Tuskegee was also home to the famed Tuskegee Airmen, the first squadron of African-American pilots in the U.S. military. Visitors can tour the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site at Moton Field, Booker T. Washington's home, the George Washington Carver Museum, the Tuskegee Heritage Museum and more.